John Banville

Banville was born in Wexford, Ireland. His father worked in a garage and died when Banville was in his early thirties; his mother was a housewife. He is the youngest of three siblings; his older brother Vincent is also a novelist and has written under the name Vincent Lawrence as well as his own. His sister Vonnie Banville-Evans has written both a children’s novel and a reminiscence of growing up in Wexford.Educated at a Christian Brothers’ school and at St Peter’s College in Wexford. Despite having intended to be a painter and an architect he did not attend university. Banville has described this as “A great mistake. I should have gone. I regret not taking that four years of getting drunk and falling in love. But I wanted to get away from my family. I wanted to be free.” After school

he worked as a clerk at Aer Lingus which allowed him to travel at deeply-discounted rates. He took advantage of this to travel in Greece and Italy. He lived in the United States during 1968 and 1969. On his return to Ireland he became a sub-editor at the Irish Press, rising eventually to the position of chief sub-editor. His first book, Long Lankin, was published in 1970.After the Irish Press collapsed in 1995, he became a sub-editor at the Irish Times. He was appointed literary editor in 1998. The Irish Times, too, suffered severe financial problems, and Banville was offered the choice of taking a redundancy package or working as a features department sub-editor. He left. Banville has been a regular contributor to The New York Review of Books since 1990. In 1984, he was elected to Aosdána, but resigned in 2001, so that some other artist might be allowed to receive the cnuas.Banville also writes under the pen name Benjamin Black. His first novel under this pen name was Christine Falls, which was followed by The Silver Swan in 2007. Banville has two adult sons with his wife, the American textile artist Janet Dunham. They met during his visit to San Francisco in 1968 where she was a student at the University of California, Berkeley. Dunham described him during the writing process as being like “a murderer who’s just come back from a particularly bloody killing”. Banville has two daughters from his relationship with Patricia Quinn, former head of the Arts Council of Ireland.Banville has a strong interest in vivisection and animal rights, and is often featured in Irish media speaking out against vivisection in Irish university research.


Kiran Desai

Kiran Desai is an Indian author who is a citizen of India and a permanent resident of the United States. She is the daughter of the noted author Anita Desai.Desai’s first novel, Hullabaloo in the Guava Orchard (1998), gained accolades from notable figures including Salman Rushdie, and went on to receive the Betty Trask Award. Her second novel, The Inheritance of Loss (2006), won the 2006 Man Booker Prize and the National Book Critics Circle Fiction Award.


Agostinho da Silva

Portuguese philosopher, essayist and writer. His thought combines elements of pantheism and millenarism, an ethic of renunciation (like in Buddhism or Franciscanism), and a belief in freedom as the most important feature of man. Anti-dogmatic, he asserts that truth is only found in the sum of all conflicting hypothesis (in paradox). He may be considered a practical philosopher, living and working for a change in society, according to his beliefs.He is part of a tradition of visionary thought that includes Father António Vieira and the poets Luís de Camões and Fernando Pessoa. Like Joachim de Fiore, he speaks of the coming of one (last?) age in History, the Age of the Holy Spirit, in which mankind and society attain perfection. To Agostinho da Silva, this means the absence of economy,

brought about by technological evolution, and the absence of government. It also means that the nature of mankind and the nature of God will become the same. In this sense his philosophy is both an eschatology and an utopy.


Maria Montessori

Maria Montessori was an Italian physician, educator, philosopher, humanitarian and devout Catholic; she is best known for her philosophy and the Montessori method of education of children from birth to adolescence. Her educational method is in use today in a number of public as well as private schools throughout the world.


John Henry Newman

Blessed John Henry Cardinal Newman was an important figure in the religious history of England in the 19th century. He was known nationally by the mid-1830s.Originally an evangelical Oxford University academic and priest in the Church of England, Newman then became drawn to the high-church tradition of Anglicanism. He became known as a leader of, and an able polemicist for, the Oxford Movement, an influential and controversial grouping of Anglicans who wished to return to the Church of England many Catholic beliefs and liturgical rituals from before the English Reformation. In this the movement had some success. However, in 1845 Newman, joined by some but not all of his followers, left the Church of England and his teaching post at Oxford University and was received into the Catholic

Church. He was quickly ordained as a priest and continued as an influential religious leader, based in Birmingham. In 1879, he was created a cardinal by Pope Leo XIII in recognition of his services to the cause of the Catholic Church in England. He was instrumental in the founding of the Catholic University of Ireland, which evolved into University College Dublin, today the largest university in Ireland.Newman’s beatification was officially proclaimed by Pope Benedict XVI on 19 September 2010 during his visit to the United Kingdom. His canonisation is dependent on the documentation of additional miracles attributed to his intercession.Newman was also a literary figure of note: his major writings including the Tracts for the Times (1833–1841), his autobiography Apologia Pro Vita Sua (1865–66), the Grammar of Assent (1870), and the poem The Dream of Gerontius (1865),[6] which was set to music in 1900 by Edward Elgar. He wrote the popular hymns “Lead, Kindly Light” and “Praise to the Holiest in the Height” (taken from Gerontius).


Samuel Beckett

Samuel Barclay Beckett was an Irish avant-garde novelist, playwright, theatre director, and poet, who lived in France for most of his adult life. He wrote in both English and French. His work offers a bleak, tragicomic outlook on human nature, often coupled with black comedy and gallows humour.Beckett is widely regarded as among the most influential writers of the 20th century. Strongly influenced by James Joyce, he is considered one of the last modernists. As an inspiration to many later writers, he is also sometimes considered one of the first postmodernists. He is one of the key writers in what Martin Esslin called the “Theatre of the Absurd”. His work became increasingly minimalist in his later career.Beckett was awarded the 1969 Nobel Prize in Literature “for his writing, which—in

new forms for the novel and drama—in the destitution of modern man acquires its elevation”. He was elected Saoi of Aosdána in 1984.


أحمد خالد توفيق

See Ahmed Khaled Towfik.Arabic Name: أحمد خالد توفيقFinnish Transliteration: Ahmed Khaled Tawfiqأحمد خالد توفيق فراج (10 يونيو 1962 – 2 أبريل 2018)طبيب وأديب مصري، ويعتبر أول كاتب عربي في مجال أدب الرعب و الأشهر في مجال أدب الشباب والفانتازيا والخيال العلمي ويلقب بالعراب.ولد بمدينة طنطا عاصمة محافظة الغربية فى اليوم العاشر من شهر يونيو عام 1962، وتخرج من كلية الطب عام 1985، كما حصل على الدكتوراة فى طب المناطق الحارة عام 1997. متزوج من د. منال أخصائية صدر في كلية طب طنطا – وهي من المنوفية – ولديه من الأبناء (محمد) و(مريم).بدأ أحمد خالد العمل فى المؤسسة العربية الحديثة عام 1992 ككاتب رعب لسلسلة (ما وراء الطبيعة) حيث تقدم بأولى رواياته (أسطورة مصاص الدماء) ولم تلق في البدء قبولاً في المؤسسة. حيث نصحه أحد المسئولين هناك في المؤسسة أن يدعه من ذلك ويكتب (بوليسي) وأنه لابد له فعلاً أن يكتب

(بوليصي) – كما نطقها – لكن مسئول آخر هناك هو أحمد المقدم اقتنع بالفكرة التي تقتضي بأن أدب الرعب ليس منتشراً وقد ينجح لأنه لونٌ جديد .. ورتب له مقابلة مع الأستاذ حمدي مصطفى مدير المؤسسة الذي قابله ببشاشة، وأخبره أنه سيكوّن لجنة لتدرس قصته. وانتظر أحمد اللجنة التي أخرجت تقريرها كالآتي: أسلوب ركيك، ومفكك، وتنقصه الحبكة الروائية، بالإضافة إلى غموض فكرة الرواية و .. و .. و أصيب بالطبع بإحباط شديد .. ولكن حمدي مصطفى أخبره أنه سيعرض القصة على لجنة أخرى وتم هذا بالفعل لتظهر النتيجة: الأسلوب ممتاز، ومترابط، به حبكة روائية، فكرة القصة واضحة، وبها إثارة وتشويق إمضاء: د. نبيل فاروق، ويقول الدكتور احمد أنه لن ينسى لنبيل أنه كان سبباً مباشراً في دخوله المؤسسة وإلا فإن د. أحمد كان بالتأكيد سيستمر في الكتابة لمدة عام آخر ثم ينسى الموضوع برمته نهائياً، لهذا فإنه يحفظ هذا الجميل لنبيل فاروق.يعدّ د. أحمد من الكتاب العرب النادرين الذين يكتبون في هذا المجال بمثل هذا التخصص – إن لم يكن أولهم – ( ما وراء الطبيعة ) .. تلك السلسلة التي عشقناها جميعاً ببطلها (رفعت إسماعيل) الساخر العجوز، والذى أظهر لنا د. (أحمد) عن طريقه مدى اعتزازه بعروبته، ومدى تدينه وإلتزامه وعبقريته أيضاً، بعد ذلك أخرج لنا د. (أحمد ) سلسلة (فانتازيا) الرائعة ببطلتها (عبير)، وهذه بينت لنا كم أن د. (أحمد خيالي يكره الواقع. تلتهما سلسلة (سافاري) ببطلها علاء عبد العظيم، وعرفنا من خلال تلك السلسلة المتميزة مدى حب أحمد لمهنته كطبيب، ومدى عشقه وولعه بها.له العديد من الكتب مع دار لـيلـى(كيان كورب) للنشر والتوزيع والطباعة ترجم العشرات من الروايات الأجنبية هذا بالإضافة إلى بعض الإصدارات على الشبكة العنكبوتية. انضم في نوفمبر 2004 إلى مجلة الشباب ليكتب فيها قصصاً في صفحة ثابتة له تحت عنوان (الآن نفتح الصندوق)، كما كتب في العديد من الإصدارات الدورية كمجلة الفن السابع.تُوفي في 2 أبريل 2018 عن عمر يناهز 55 عامًا.


Mary Renault

Mary Renault was an English writer best known for her historical novels set in Ancient Greece. In addition to vivid fictional portrayals of Theseus, Socrates, Plato and Alexander the Great, she wrote a non-fiction biography of Alexander.Her historical novels are all set in ancient Greece. They include a pair of novels about the mythological hero Theseus and a trilogy about the career of Alexander the Great. In a sense, The Charioteer (1953), the story of two young gay servicemen in the 1940s who try to model their relationship on the ideals expressed in Plato’s Phaedrus and Symposium, is a warm-up for Renault’s historical novels. By turning away from the 20th century and focusing on stories about male lovers in the warrior societies of ancient Greece, Renault no longer had to deal

with homosexuality and anti-gay prejudice as social “problems”. Instead she was free to focus on larger ethical and philosophical concerns, while examining the nature of love and leadership. The Charioteer could not be published in the U.S. until 1959, after the success of The Last of the Wine proved that American readers and critics would accept a serious gay love story.


Tim O’Brien

Tim O’Brien matriculated at Macalester College. Graduation in 1968 found him with a BA in political science and a draft notice.O’Brien was against the war but reported for service and was sent to Vietnam with what has been called the “unlucky” Americal division due to its involvement in the My Lai massacre in 1968, an event which figures prominently in In the Lake of the Woods. He was assigned to 3rd Platoon, A Company, 5th Battalion, 46th Infantry, as an infantry foot soldier. O’Brien’s tour of duty was 1969-70.After Vietnam he became a graduate student at Harvard. No doubt he was one of very few Vietnam veterans there at that time, much less Combat Infantry Badge (CIB) holders. Having the opportunity to do an internship at the Washington Post, he eventually left Harvard to become

a newspaper reporter. O’Brien’s career as a reporter gave way to his fiction writing after publication of his memoir If I Die in a Combat Zone, Box Me Up and Send Me Home.Tim O’Brien is now a visiting professor and endowed chair at Texas State University – San Marcos (formerly Southwest Texas State University) where he teaches in the Creative Writing Program.


Gilles Deleuze

Deleuze is a key figure in postmodern French philosophy. Considering himself an empiricist and a vitalist, his body of work, which rests upon concepts such as multiplicity, constructivism, difference and desire, stands at a substantial remove from the main traditions of 20th century Continental thought. His thought locates him as an influential figure in present-day considerations of society, creativity and subjectivity. Notably, within his metaphysics he favored a Spinozian concept of a plane of immanence with everything a mode of one substance, and thus on the same level of existence. He argued, then, that there is no good and evil, but rather only relationships which are beneficial or harmful to the particular individuals. This ethics influences his approach to society and politics,

especially as he was so politically active in struggles for rights and freedoms. Later in his career he wrote some of the more infamous texts of the period, in particular, Anti-Oedipus and A Thousand Plateaus. These texts are collaborative works with the radical psychoanalyst Félix Guattari, and they exhibit Deleuze’s social and political commitment.Gilles Deleuze began his career with a number of idiosyncratic yet rigorous historical studies of figures outside of the Continental tradition in vogue at the time. His first book, Empirisism and Subjectivity, isa study of Hume, interpreted by Deleuze to be a radical subjectivist. Deleuze became known for writing about other philosophers with new insights and different readings, interested as he was in liberating philosophical history from the hegemony of one perspective. He wrote on Spinoza, Nietzche, Kant, Leibniz and others, including literary authors and works, cinema, and art. Deleuze claimed that he did not write “about” art, literature, or cinema, but, rather, undertook philosophical “encounters” that led him to new concepts. As a constructivist, he was adamant that philosophers are creators, and that each reading of philosophy, or each philosophical encounter, ought to inspire new concepts. Additionally, according to Deleuze and his concepts of difference, there is no identity, and in repetition, nothing is ever the same. Rather, there is only difference: copies are something new, everything is constantly changing, and reality is a becoming, not a being.